Did you know? Two feet (0.6 m) of moving water can carry a car away. Most deaths in a flood result when people try to drive through moving water.
Natural disasters are caused by nature or the natural process of the earth. Many suffer when these disasters occur. The losses are measured by the number of lives lost, economic loss of the population to rebuild. This year has been plagued with earthquakes, hurricanes, terrorist attack, school shooting The unfortunate effects of these disasters are no one is ever prepared. Preparation is key to you and your families survival. Here are a few ways to prepare.
- Prepare mentally. Acknowledge the fact that disasters happen. It is too late to prepare after disaster strikes.
- Learn about disasters that can happen in your area. Know where your shelters are. Consider whether he construction of your home and its location are as safe as possible.
- Prepare emergency supplies. Power, water, phone and transportation services can fail. If you own a car, try to keep the fuel tank half full, and always have food, water, and an emergency kit in your home.
- Have the access to the phone numbers of friends, both near and far.
- Make and rehearse an escape plan. Know the nearest exits in your building, as well as the emergency plan of your children’s school. Set up family meeting places–such as a school or a library–one nearby and another outside of your neighborhood. Authorities recommend that you practice walking with your family to those meeting points.
- Plan to help others, including the elderly and infirm.
- In a fire. Stay close to the floor, and move quickly to the nearest exit. Smoke makes it hard to see and most fire deaths are caused by smoke inhalation. Leave behind personal items.
- In an earthquake. Get under sturdy furniture or next to an inside wall. Expect aftershocks, and get outside and away from buildings as soon as you can.
- In a tsunami. If the water suddenly rushes away from the shore, move quickly to higher ground. Expect more and larger waves.
- In a tornado or a hurricane. Go to a storm shelter without delay.
- In a flood. Stay out of flooded buildings. Avoid wading in or driving through water. Floodwater can contain sewage and conceal dangers, including debris, open manholes and downed power lines.
- If the authorities order evacuation, leave immediately! Let friends know where you are, or they may risk their lives looking for you.
- If the authorities direct residents to remain at home or shelter in place, stay inside. In case of an outdoor chemical, biological, or nuclear accident or attack, stay indoors, turn off ventilation, and seal all doors and windows. In a nuclear event, go to the lowest internal part of your building to reduce exposure to radiation. Listen to local Tv or radio news. Stay indoors until authorities announce that the threat has passed.